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Research Proposal


Background
In Bangladesh a large number of women is playing a tremendous role in agricultural production. they are almost half of the total labour force in this sector. Conventionally, they perform the inhouse activities related to farming,such as ,preserving seeds,making rice from paddy etc. Now a days, women are taking active roles in otside home activities, such as, ploughing fields,sowing seeds, cutting paddy etc. But, this large portion of labour force is not getting necessary training on agricultural information and technological knowledge. Hence they are kept unskilled. Lack of necessary skill of this large labour force is affecting our agricultural productivity. To increase national productivity this problem should be solved.
Rural women in Asia are playing an enormous role in agricultural production (Unnevehr and
Stanford, 1985; Kaur and Sharma, 1991). In India women are participating significantly in
agriculture (about 84% of all economically active women) (World Bank, 1991) and in
Bangladesh women constitute 45.6% of the farming population (BBS, 2007). They are actively
involved in forestry, fisheries and livestock production. Women have a central role in home
gardening and homestead food production. The share of women in labour use ranges between
11-18% in food grain (rice, wheat) and 14-48% in non-cereal(highest for vegetable) production
(Rahman,2000).


Who does the problem affect?
In micro level, farmers themselves are affected by this problem. in macro level, it is a national concern.

What are the boundaries of the problem? Which areas does the problem affect?
Existant gender discremination of our society is responsible for this problem. In male dominated social structure, people do not recognise the women as active farmers. So, they do not feel the need to make women equally skilled.
What is the problem?
Women are not getting the scope of acquiring agricultural information and technological knowledge. So they remain unskilled. the poor skill of women is hampering overall agricultural productivity.
What is the impact of the problem?
Due to this problem, it is anticipated that, our national production is getting hampered.
What will happen when it is fixed?
If the problem can be fixed, our agricultural productivity will be increased.
What would happen if we didn’t solve the problem?
If we can not fix the problem we will not be able to utilize our potential and our production will be less than optimal.
When - When does the problem occur? - When and how does it need to be fixed?
This situation is being perpetuated from long ago. In recent time, we are facing the need to gear up our productivity. so, the situation is realised as a problem in recent time.
Where - Where is the problem occurring? Only in certain locations, processes, products, etc.
The problem is occuring in agricultural production sector.
Why - Why is it important that we fix the problem?
Fixing this problm is important to enhance our agricultural productivity.
Research goal :
To collect data and analyzing it to see if poor skill of women farmers is an obstacle in higher agricultural productivity.
The research questions :
1)If women farmers feel any problem with their lack of information and knowledge .
2)If there is any relation between poor efficiency and national productivity.

Research methodology :
The population for the study will consist 200 women farmers from 05 villages in a agro-based district of Bangladesh. Random sampling technique will be employed to select sub-districts, villages and households. A questionnaire will be given to literate respondents to complete, whether the illiterate ones will be assisted in completing the questionnaire. Focus Group Discussion(FGD) will also be conducted to gather primary information.
As secondary data sources we will go through the Economic reviews, National budget, Agriculture policy etc.
Gathered information will be presented through pie chart, bar chart, chi chart etc.

Research Title or Problem Statement :

Women farmers’ access to agricultural information and their efficiency and productivity in agriculture: perspective of Bangladesh.