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Research Proposal

We have passed about forty years since independence but our achievements in the spheres of democracy and development are not noteworthy. In Bangladesh every political leader or party, civil or military, popular or unpopular, big or small, in or out of power, talk about democratic incessantly. Even so the nation has failed to put it into practice. Parties voted into power to strengthen democracy have all failed to encourage its values. Taking advantage of this situation, military leaders intervened to practice their own version of democracy, which only exacerbated the crisis. The country today is riddle with numerous problems threatening the very development of democracy. Our society with an under developed political culture and poverty ridden illiterate and incompetent masses is lacking democratic political organizations, institutions and practices. However, the prospects for a politically developed and economically prosperous nation is marked by people’s eagerness to democracy and progress, nations march toward a two party system and politicians realization that there is no way but election capture power.

Statement of the study:
Human rights and democracy are closely interlinked. Democratic process cannot ensure establishment of democracy in spirit unless right-duty co-relationship exists between the electorate and the elected. And media acts as one of the important tools of strengthening democracy and promoting human rights. It is more important in the context of a nascent democracy like Bangladesh.

Who does the problem affect?

Importance and Significance of the study:

The society in Bangladesh is highly polarized along political lines of two major political parties the Awami League (AL) and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). Newspapers could remain outside and allegedly are toeing the party lines. As a result, people do not always get total picture of particular issue or event and get influenced by biased opinion/analysis. This also acts as some sort of censorship by the journalists or newspaper owners. Similarly the journalists unions are divided on political lines, which is a barrier on development of professionalism.
Although in 1991, democratic process was established in Bangladesh after a decade of autocratic rule, the system of governance still remains dictatorial in nature. Instead of presidential form of Government, parliamentary form of Government has been established. But Prime Minister has become all-powerful in the existing system apparently without any checks and balances. Thus the media in Bangladesh is to operate in an environment of democratic autocracy.

Scope of the research proposal:
Notably some of very popular newspapers, particularly weekly newspapers, which played important role in anti-dictatorship movement during the 1980s disappeared during democratic rule during the 1990s for unknown reasons. Some media analysts think that those newspapers were born only to criticize autocratic rule and ouster of autocratic ruler has caused their ideological deaths.
There was only one Government owned TV channel with terrestrial broadcasting capacity in 1990. Presently there are three more private TV channels with satellite broadcasting capacity operating in Bangladesh. Naturally the Government owned TV channel has more domestic audience coverage than the private TV channels. Private TV channels do not have the financial strength to develop terrestrial base stations for terrestrial broadcasting. They were given license to operate only for satellite broadcasting. This has created some imbalance in audience coverage between the Government owned TV channel and private TV channels. Again private TV channels have to air one news bulletin of the Government owned TV channel daily as condition of the license. This is a hindrance to freedom of electronic media.

What are the boundaries of the problem? Which areas does the problem affect?

What is the problem?

What is the impact of the problem?

Area of the study:

In this research paper, identifying problem, data presentation & analysis data and critical methods are used. For limitation of time, it was not possible to collect data from primary source, On the basis of Secondary level books, journals, daily newspapers and own ideas this research proposal has been prepared.

What will happen when it is fixed?

What would happen if we didn’t solve the problem?
When - When does the problem occur? - When and how does it need to be fixed?
Where - Where is the problem occurring? Only in certain locations, processes, products, etc.

The problem is occurring around the country as a generalized problem, not at a specific location.

Why - Why is it important that we fix the problem?

Research goal

To make some recommendations for the future development of Democracy.
The research questions

1. What is the present status of democracy in Bangladesh?
2. What are the problems behind the failure of democracy in our country?

2. Research methodology

The major activities to prepare research paper I collect lot of data from library. At last I have to process these data to prepare research proposal.

Plan of what data will be collected

Data collection method:
Data will be collected within the time period of MPA course
It includes data and information of secondary sources relevant books, magazine, internet, essays etc.

Data to be collected by

1. Primary Data (interview, FGD)
2. Secondary Data (Newspaper, regulations, manual and materials)

Sample of study:
Collected data and information in presented through tables and graphs and basically, secondary data in used here.

After collecting data tabular analyses will be done using different statistical tools like- mean, median, percentage, regression, correlation, pie-chart, bar diagram etc.

Research Title or Problem Statement

A Study on Future of Democracy in Bangladesh