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Research Proposal

Concern was expressed (by whom?Which is mentioned under the line) regarding the level of transparency and accountability with financial management rules and regulations in developing countries. Donor agencies, UN bodies, national and international civil society organizations and watchdog agencies raised their voice to respect the rules and regulations of national Governments to ensure the transparency and accountability at national level, regional level and local level (UN, 1999).Transparency and Accountability needs to be ensured for promoting human welfare,ensuring rights and establishing general welfare oriented values and ethic. Why? This means that ensuring compliance of appropriate rules and regulation in all level governance is the pre-requisite for good governance. It is also true in the context of Bangladesh.

In case of international development this time is considered as the age of transparency and accountability. Transparency and accountability issues are widely accepted as tools for ensuring equity and justice in policy implementation level, as well as a means of stakeholder empowerment. Furthermore, these are pre-requisites for attaining the national and international level goals.

Local government is an institution which stays very close to the community people for providing basic services according to their need and aspiration. In other words, it is a set of administrative bodies, boards, committees appointed or set up by the government consisting with a number of inhabitants appointed or nominated by the government. Local government body has legal right to impose tax and collect the tax for expending on the poor, construct and reconstruct the local infrastructure and maintenance the local law and order. They exercise powers that are delegated to them by the order of the government. For performing these activities sometimes local government agencies do corrupt practice (Tambulasi and Kayuni, 2007) and local government agencies of Bangladesh are not an exception. A good number of evidences found that corrupt practice are well evident in the day to day administration of local government in Bangladesh. To ensure the ‘horizontal accountability’ Government of Bangladesh formulated a policy, entitled, “Local Government (Union Parishad ) Act 2009” adding new mechanisms of people’s participation .
Who does the problem affect?
Service recipients, vulnerable and marginalized people are affecting.
What are the boundaries of the problem? Which areas does the problem affect?
  1. The people who are holding the state and societal power and they are maximizing personal benefits bypassing the existing rules and regulations.
  2. The problem is affecting on day to day activities, transparency and accountability process, service recipients, resource mobilization and people's
What is the problem?
Service recipients, vulnerable and marginalized people are not getting adequate and qualitative services from the local government (UP) agencies. Consequently, the problems make unhealthy relationship with govt, people's and donors.
What is the impact of the problem?
Due to lack of transparency and accountability in local level organization. So people are facing to get basic services from local government (union Parishad)
What will happen when it is fixed?
Field data will be helpful to visualize the transparency and accountability situation in UP level of Bangladesh.
What would happen if we didn’t solve the problem?
If the problem remains same local people will not get proper services from LGI which is prerequisite for development.
When - When does the problem occur? - When and how does it need to be fixed?
In the time of service providing different mal- practice may be visualized.
Where - Where is the problem occurring? Only in certain locations, processes, products, etc.
Local level project implementation, procurement and benefit sharing time are regarded as crucial process.
Why - Why is it important that we fix the problem?
This problem is well evident in different researches and observations, and stakeholders are demanding effective local government to ensure the grass-root level development.
Research goal
To find out the transparency and accountability situation in UP level.
The research questions
1. Why are transparency and accountability problematic and low in Union Parishad ?
2. Which factors are responsible for low transparency and accountability in Union Parishad ?
Research methodology
The study will basically be based on quantitative data supplemented by qualitative data whenever appropriate. This can be termed as a dominant-less dominant design. Here, the dominant design is the quantitative data, while the less dominant one is qualitative data.Design used the term "triangulation" to argue for the combination of methodologies in the study of similar phenomena. Thus, effort will be made to use a combination of qualitative and quantitative data in a single research.
The community based cross sectional design will be followed to conduct the study.Quantitative tool in the form of semi-structured questionnaire (SSQ) will be used used for gathering information on other related issues while qualitative tool in the form of in-depth interview (II) will be used to collect in-depth information to support the data and to triangulate the information the team is proposing to use in-depth interview with checklist, In-depth interview and literature review. Finally validity of the data will be ensured through triangulation of collected information.
The researcher will contact with organizations and respective relevant stakeholders involved in working with local governance in Bangladesh. Some of the relevant stakeholders would be UNDP, USAID,SDC,World Bank, Asian Development Bank, CIDA, NORAD,DANIDA,BIDS,NILG, Wave Foundation, BUPF and MAB. All these organizations will be contacted for relevant secondary information.
Research Title or Problem Statement
Transparency and Accountability in Local Government (Union Parishad) of Bangladesh: Rhetoric and Reality